The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence

Dr.McGinty(updated)_andcroppedThis post was contributed by Geraldine McGinty, MD, MBA, FACR, chair of the ACR Board of Chancellors

Earlier this week, a consensus draft document dealing with the ethics of AI in medical imaging was posted on the ACR website. I would like to congratulate the authors, listed with their affiliations below, on a collaborative effort to address this important topic.

This was a multi-society effort including the American College of Radiology (ACR), American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), Canadian Association of Radiologists (CAR), European Society of Radiology (ESR), Radiological Society of North American (RSNA), Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine (SIIM) and European Society of Medical Imaging Informatics (EuSoMII).

Importantly, the group included trainees, patients and other stakeholders such as an ethicist from MIT.

But despite the wide ranging backgrounds and expert input that created this draft, the writing group and our Societies’ leaders are very clear that this is just that: a draft.

That’s why, having kept the writing group fairly small to facilitate an accelerated turnaround, it’s now critical to get extensive comments from the broader imaging and healthcare ecosystem.

I hope you’ll take the time to read the document and add your expertise and perspective.

We also anticipate that, given the pace of change in this sphere, this document will be a living one.

There is much work to do to ensure that we meet the goal that we’ve set for our ACR Data Science Institute (DSI): to promote safe appropriate data science solutions that improve the care we provide to our patients.

I thank the writing group for their efforts to guide us on this journey.

Judy Birch, B.Ed
Pelvic Pain Support Network, Poole, UK

Consultant Radiologist, Mercy University Hospital, Cork, Ireland
Chair of ESR Quality, Safety & Standards Committee
Representing ECR

Andrea Borondy Kitts, MS, MPH
Patient Outreach & Research Specialist
Lahey Hospital & Medical Center, Burlington, MA
Patient Advocate

Tessa S. Cook, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Radiology
Fellowship Director, Imaging Informatics
Co-Director, Center for Practice Transformation
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA
Representing ACR

J. Raymond Geis, MD
Adjunct Associate Professor of Radiology, National Jewish Health, Denver, CO
Senior Scientist, American College of Radiology Data Science Institute, Reston, VA
Representing ACR

Robert van den Hoven van Genderen, Phd., Msc., LLM
Director, Center of Law and Internet, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Managing Partner, Switchlegal international Lawyers
Chairman, Netherlands Association for AI and Robotlaw

Judy Wawira Gichoya, MBchB, MS
Department of Interventional Radiology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR
Representing ACR

Jacob L. Jaremko, MD, FRCPC, PhD
Associate Professor, Alberta Health Services
Chair of Diagnostic Imaging, Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Representing ACR

Marc Kohli, MD
Medical Director of Imaging Informatics, UCSF Health
Associate Professor of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, UCSF, San Francisco, CA
Representing SIIM

Elmar Kotter, MSc, MD, MBA
Deputy Director and Head of IT, Department of Radiology, University Medical Center, Freiburg, Germany
Associated Professor of Radiology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany
Chair, ESR eHealth and Informatics Subcommittee
Vice President, European Society of Medical Imaging Informatics
Representing ESR

Steve G. Langer, PhD
Chair, Enterprise Radiology Architecture and Standards, Co-Chair Radiology Informatics Laboratory
Professor of Diagnostic Imaging and Informatics, Radiology Department-Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN
Representing AAPM

Matthew B. Morgan, MD, MS
Associate Professor
Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT

Erik Ranschaert, MD, PhD
Radiologist, ETZ Hospital, Tilburg, the Netherlands
President, European Society of Medical Imaging Informatics
Representing EuSoMII

Nabile M. Safdar, MD, MPH
Associate Chief Medical Information Officer, Emory Healthcare
Vice-Chair of Informatics, Dept. of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, GA
Representing SIIM

William F. Shields, JD, L.LM
General Counsel
American College of Radiology

Jack Spencer, PhD
Associate Professor
MIT, Department of Linguistics and Philosophy, Cambridge, MA

An Tang, MD, MSc
Radiologist, Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal
Researcher, Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de L’Université de Montréal, Quebec, Canada
Representing CAR

Carol C. Wu, MD
Associate Professor
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX
Representing RSNA

All ACR volunteers are subject to the ACR’s Conflict of Interest Process.

All interested parties, including patients, radiologists and others in the radiology community who may be affected by AI technology, are encouraged to comment.

Comments submitted will help in preparing the final version, which is expected to be published in November 2019.

Please submit your comments  by April 15, 2019.


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